Plasticity means the brain's flexibility, defined as being ‘easily influenced, trained, or controlled’. ‘Neuro’ refers to neurons – the nerve cells that make up the entire nervous system. Thus, neuroplasticity means when nerve cells change or adjust.
Unlike a computer, the brain processes sensory as well as motor signals in parallel. It has many neural pathways, and they can easily replicate each other’s function; thus correcting a potential or temporary loss of function by re-routing signals along different pathways.
Types of Brain Plasticity: